Windsor castle

1. Windsor Castle

The Windsor Castle was built between 1190-1220 AD. It was originally a fortress and then became a royal residence. In 1337, Edward III ordered the construction of a great hall and banqueting house. By 1460, Henry VI had added a chapel and a tower. After 1530, Henry VIII began building a western wing. He died before he could finish his project. His son Edward VI completed the work. When Mary I came to power she started a program of extensive renovations. She turned the castle into a palace. Elizabeth I continued the renovation program.

2. Stonehenge

Stonehenge was built around 3000 BC, although some people believe it was built much earlier. There are many theories about what Stonehenge was used for. One theory says it was a temple where priests would perform rituals using bulls heads as altars. Another theory suggests that it was a burial ground. Others say it was a place of astronomy.

3. Tower Bridge

Tower bridge was designed by W.G. Riehle and opened in 1894. The towers were designed to withstand 150 mph winds. The bridge is 895 feet long.

4. Big Ben

Big Ben is a nickname for the bell inside the clock tower at the Palace of Westminster. It weighs 22 tons and was cast in 1683.

5. Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel and opened in 1889. The first 130 meters were completed in three years, but the tower took 30 years to build. It stands 324 meters tall and is the tallest manmade structure in the world.

6. St Paul’s Cathedral

St Paul’s Cathedral is the largest church in the United Kingdom. It is located near London Bridge on Ludgate Hill. The cathedral is considered to be among the finest examples of Gothic architecture.

7. Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the British monarch. It is located in the City of Westminster. The current Queen Elizabeth II resides here while her older sister Princess Margaret lives elsewhere.

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